Working at the community level promotes healthy living, helps prevent chronic diseases and brings the greatest health benefits to the greatest number of people in need. Monroe County Health Department provides these services to the community:

Infectious diseases are caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi that cause disease. Infectious diseases can be spread from one person to another, directly or indirectly, through fluid exchange (such as blood or saliva), exposure to vectors (such as ticks or mosquitoes), or from the environment.

Monroe County Health Department is required to investigate diseases and conditions that are considered to have significant public health impacts, such as some listed below. Learn more about infectious diseases by clicking the links below:

Germs and bacteria icons isolated on white background. Microbiome in flat cartoon style. Round design vector illustration of microorganisms.

Monroe County Health Department offers free or low-cost immunizations, based on eligibility. Contact us for additional information. 

Click here for the Adult Vaccination Schedule 

Click here for the Birth-18 Years Immunization Schedule

Quitting tobacco use is one of the best things you can do for your health. There are many benefits to quitting, but here are a few:

  • Lowered risk of lung cancer and many other types of cancer
  • Reduced risk for heart issues like heart disease and stroke
  • Reduced respiratory symptoms like coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath

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Tuberculosis (TB) is a disease caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. TB is spread through the air from one person to another. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain. TB can be fatal if not treated properly. TB disease was once the leading cause of death in the United States, and continues to be a public health concern today.

Monroe County Health Department investigates cases of Active TB Disease and Latent TB Infection (LTBI). We also offer TB Skin Tests to the public. Call us for more information. 

Monroe County Health Department staff are available to present health-related information to your business or school group. For more information or to schedule a presentation, contact us at 608-269-8666. 

Chronic diseases are common, costly, and can be deadly, especially without adequate treatment. Studies have shown that effective prevention can completely avoid or delay many chronic diseases, limiting their negative impact. In addition, people who already have these conditions can benefit from increased access to care, help with managing symptoms, and more. Click the links below to learn more about common diseases: